This project highlights the historical importance of industrial entrepreneurship for formal and non-formal education in industrialized societies. Its primary research objective is to analyze a variety and of reforms (in other words: “industries of reform”) pursued by captains of industry, which have been termed ‘progressive’ and are assumed to have had an educational quality and purpose. The project also wishes to investigate the kinds of interests, societal challenges and risks they aimed to meet, while focusing on working- and lower-middle class adults, children and youth. In particular, it will methodically study these reforms as interconnected, key contributions of the industry and associated intellectual networks. Luxembourg and its industrial-intellectual sphere will thereby be looked at as points of circulation and transformation, as crossroads of ideas on social-educational reforms at the heart of Western Europe. Concretely, it will comprehensively and critically study the following domains of reform: – health care, including Red Cross activities, institutions like dispensaries, sanatoria and ‘preventoriums’, anti-tuberculosis and anti-alcoholism campaigns, etc.;- professional education and orientation: mining schools and technical-vocational schools and professionnal orientation centres;The project will also focus on intellectual circles, including networks treating such diverse issues as political, religious, economic, social, cultural, international cooperation and feminist concerns, interrelating them and connecting them to educational projects.